Historical walks through the 20th century Barcelona  

Gòtic & Raval


During the Democratic Transition, extreme right-wing organisations carried out a series of terrorist attacks. One such attack took place on 20 September 1977 against this building on the corner of Carrer de Tallers with Plaça de Castella, which housed the offices the satirical magazine El Papus. The bomb sent to the building killed one person and left thirteen injured.

The magazine El Papus, subheading "satirical and neurasthenic review", first came out on 20 October 1973 and was published until 1986. El Papus was characterised by a savagely satirical take on the latest developments in politics and society.

On 20 September 1977, a suitcase bomb was received at the headquarters of Amaika, which published three magazines (El Papus, El Cuervo and Party). The device did not explode in the director’s office as intended, but at reception, killing the porter, Juan Peñalver, and wounding thirteen others. The Triple A (Anti-Communist Apostolic Alliance) claimed responsibility for the attack, and everything points to the authors of the crime belonging to the National Brotherhood of the Franco Guard and the Spanish youth movement Juventud Española en Pie. The attack was the fascist movement’s response to the latest issue of El Papus, dated 20 November 1976, containing a satirical article on the rally held in Madrid to commemorate the first anniversary of Franco’s death.

In protest against the attack, 6,000 demonstrators marched from the headquarters of the magazine, passing through Plaça de Catalunya and Plaça de Sant Jaume, to the Civil Government building, where a manifesto was read out. After several weeks’ silence, El Papus returned on 8 October 1977, its cover featuring a photograph of the effects caused by the bomb and the headline “Rancorous Visit”. The heading for the editorial was “You fascists are the terrorists". Soon after the attack, 13 people were arrested, all known for their violent attitude to democratic change. However, the sentence showed the police investigation to have been completely inept. The accused were sentenced to just months in prison for possession of explosives.

Address: 77, Carrer de Tallers || Coordinates: (LAT, LONG): 41.384966436, 2.166372990

  • Periods:
  • Second Republic
  • Civil War
  • Francoism
  • Transition