Historical walks through the 20th century Barcelona  



In 1931, a number of left-wing, Catalan nationalist and Republican groups called the Conference of the Catalan Left. As a result of this conference, which took place in the Foment Republicà building in Barcelona’s Sants district on March 18 and 19, a new political party was founded: Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (Republican Left of Catalonia). The new party won the elections that took place on April 12 following the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic.

In May 1930, the weekly magazine L’Opinió published the “Republican Intelligence Manifesto”, which was signed by republicans, Catalan nationalists, CNT trade unionists, socialists, communists and other groups that advocated a federal republic. The manifesto called for the “establishment of a democratic republic” and the need to bring together the different Catalan nationalist and republican political forces. Though the document did not fully materialise at that time, months later, L’Opinió group and the Catalan Republican Party convened the Catalan Left Conference which sought to form a new unitary political force. On his return from exile, Francesc Macià and his party, Estat Català (Catalan State), joined the initiative.

On March 18, at eleven in the morning, the opening session of the conference was held in the Foment Republicà building in Sants, at number 7 on Carrer de Cros, where a commemorative plaque can be seen today. At this meeting, also known as the Sants Conference, the first ideas and groundwork were laid for the creation of Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC, Republican Left of Catalonia). All those in attendance expressed their desire to create a common project to compete in the municipal elections of 12 April 1931 and this largely facilitated the reaching of agreements. The new party that emerged from the meeting was to be the main Catalan political force in the Republican period, with President Francesc Macià at the helm. The Republican Left of Catalonia won the elections with 68% of Catalan councillors in coalition with the Socialist Union of Catalonia. Two days later, Francesc Macià proclaimed the Catalan Republic from the balcony of the Generalitat building.

Address: 7, Carrer de Cros || Coordinates: (LAT, LONG): 41.374849037, 2.137969708

  • Periods:
  • Second Republic
  • Civil War
  • Francoism
  • Transition