Plaça de les Dones del 36 is dedicated to the “Women of 36”, a generic term that refers to all the women and children of courage who were affected by the Second Republic, the Civil War, Francoist repression and even the Nazi horror. Citizens who played their part in defending republican legality, freedoms, democratic values and women’s rights.
During the Second Republic (1931-1939), this heterogeneous women’s group campaigned for a fairer, more equal society in several fields: education, politics, unions, etc. During the Civil War (1936-1939), the group played an active role in defending freedoms, both at the front and in the rearguard. Finally, during the Franco dictatorship (1939-1975), they suffered repression at the hands of the regime, and many were imprisoned. The association
"Les Dones del 36" [“Women of 36”] was founded in 1997 with a view to bringing together different female voices that had played a leading role in defending such values. After decades of silence imposed by the dictatorship and the early years of democracy, these anonymous fighters were given a space from which to transmit their experience to citizens, particularly the younger generations. The association was formed by women between 60 and 80 years (most in their 60s) that had been in the militias, or worked as nurses, or factory workers to replace men at the front, or had been exiled or members of left-wing political parties, etc. The group originally formed as a one-year project but, after receiving Barcelona City Council’s annual Maria Aurèlia Capmany Prize in 1997, their work was able to continue for another ten years, until the advanced age of the members forced them to retire.
This square was officially opened in August 2009, not without controversy, as the local residents interpreted the fence that was locked around it at night prevented free use of the public space. The members of the association “Les dones del 36” also lodged a formal complaint with the City Council, noting that the fence was reminiscent of repression under Franco. Despite these criticisms, since it was inaugurated the square has become an important venue for cultural and civic events in the Gràcia neighbourhood.
Address: Plaça de les Dones del 36 || Coordinates: (LAT, LONG): 41.404439843, 2.153909423